<County: Gloucestershire>
<Code: L7220>
<MS reference: Oxford, Bodleian Library, Douce 304>
<Text: Medica>


<Tranche 1>

<fol. 5/7r>Mania his anoþer sikenesse of þe middel part of þe brayne & co
meþ of a postum in þt party bote oþerwhiles hit is a sikenesse him-self
& oþerwhile hit folweþ a-noþer sikenesse ¶ And som comeþ of blod & som comeþ of colour & som Comeþ of malencolye bote of clene fleume hit
comeþ neuer for fleume is whit as þe brayn is & þerfore hit may no3t
a-peyre hit . ¶ And hit comeþ of blod þe greuaunce is wt law3inge &
3ef hit comeþ of colour hit is wt a fers wodnesse & 3ef hit be of malenco
lje <looks like he?> hit is wt moche drede 3ef hit is of blod & colowre y-mened togeder
he law3þ & fi3teþ to-geder & 3ef hit is of oþer humeres hit haþ þe properteus
of þikke humores . ¶ Bote cominliche þilke þt haþ þis sikenes Of ma
lencolye he haueþ moche sorwe & dredeþ moche of þyng þat is no drede
of & þenkeþ moche of þing þt is no3t for to þenk on & him semeþ þt þey
seþ dredful þynges when þey seþ no þyng & þey semeþ þt þey seiþ blak
men as monkes þat wol sle hem & som weneþ þt heuen wol falle vnd~
hem & moche desyre þey haue to leches & aft~ medecines & when þey
haueþ hem þey takeþ but litel kepe of her wordes & þey desiren to be
in derk places and by hem-selfen ¶ Bote þilke þat haueþ yis seke
nesse of blod loueþ to walken a-bowten Reuers & in feldes & in feyre
Gardinys & in li3t places & þey loueþ company and mirþe & hem lak
keþ seche þinges hem semeþ þey beþ ney3e ded ¶ But þilke þt haueþ
hit of colour loueþ wraxlynges & fi3ttynges & lepynges & oþer doynges
of hardenis & cryyng & moche noyse & seche oþer doyinges ¶ And 3ef his
sikenesse comeþ of coloure oþer of blod hit is J-holpen as þe frenesye
oþer þe hed-ache þat comeþ of hete ¶ But if hit is of malencoly he mot
leuen malyncolyis metis & vse metis þat beþ moyste as fische & rype
frutes & borage & soche oþer herbis þt beþ <in sch scifift?> as calaminte & minte
and herbis þat beþ dissoloutif as fenel & persolye But he schal no3t eile
more vse moist metus lest þe blod be corrupt & his complexion a-peyred yer
by ¶ And þes herbes beþ profitable for hem arache letuse spinache betus
porslane oynons leke carsus Garlec anyte fenel minte calamynte ¶
And þes metus þat beþ moyste beþ profitable As lambron kedes of O 3er~
<fol. 5/7v>& Sowkynge bestes and hennes & Chekenes & Partriches & soche oþer ¶ Al
so fisches of Reuers smale & grete & see fiches þt beþ no3t ful+fat ne fische
of stony places & lete hym vse here metes wt gyngre & Cardomome
and saferen & clowes & coleawndre & Carawey & comyn ¶ And let
him blod in þe nekke putte & comforte him wt mirþe to putte a-wey his
heuinesse ¶ And 3ef þey fomeþ at þe mowþe as a wod dogge þt wer~
J-bete þat is token of deþ wt-in vij days & 3ef he casteþ moche & was
teþ boþe mete & drinke & þt litel þat he resseyueþ Ne stondeþ him bote
to litel profete ne he may no3t suffre noþer hete of þe sonne ne of þe fyr~
and he may no3t slepe but a litel & þt is sone don ri3t þes beþ þe toke
nis of deþ ¶ And 3ef he haue no3t þes sines 3ef hym pullules imad of wyn drastes & of wheten flour when he is fastynge ¶ Also
take of Aneyse . <symbol of ounce> . J . persely .iiij . <symbol of ounce> . of epythine þt is þe flour of tyme
. <symbol of ounce> . iij . M . J . s~ . & 3ef hit hym wiþ waterer wiþ wyn & eueriche þyng
þt is gode For þe feuere quartayne is gode for þis sikenesse & in
eueriche lesyng of a+mannes wit ¶ After his purgacion lete hym be
J-copped in þe two neþer~ sides Of þe hed a lytel a-boue þe nekke oþer
by-tuene þe to schulderblades ¶ And in eueriche lesynges of a
mannes wit make hym a clesterie oþer a suppositorie in þe by-gynge<y added before g?>
of mynte & Rewe & soche oþer þyngys ¶ And hit profiteþ soche men to
baþen hem oþer-whiles but to dwelle a litel while ¶ And a special me
dicine for þis sikenesse is lapus aramenicus J3euen Jn pullulees Oþer
in+de-cocconnes J-wasche Oþer vn-wasche bote vn-wasche he wol make a
man to caste ¶ And 3ef alle þes medycynes helpeþ him no3t þe lasse
Remedi is to sclitte þe skyn & opene þe scolle Letargye .
LJtargye is a sikenesse þt makeþ a man so fore3eteful þat when
he haþ idon a þyng he ne haþ no mynde þat þt he dede hit ¶ and
þis sekenesse comeþ Oþerwhile of to moche corupt fleume in a man
<fol. 8r>þe tyme of here axes & þis sekenes may be of flume of colour & of ma
lencolye & of wheche of hem hit is þu myzt J-knowe by þe synes of þe hu
mores ¶ Chathalemsye comeþ of venemes smoke þat comeþ fram for
in to þe hed & þer is cold & þis smoke comeþ of blod þat is bri3t & bren
nynge Jn some Part of a mannys bodye ¶ And þerfore hit makeþ a man
ful hote wiþ-owte-forþe & to haue a swifte breþynge & a+frayeþ ful
moche here þenne & often syþes makeþ hem sclowe & þey haueþ oyerwhi
les a feuere þerwiþ & þenne men clepeþ hem in þe tyme of her axesse þey 3eueþ
non answere & 3ef þey spekeþ hit greueþ hem sore & þey wateþ wt her
ey3en & sykeþ sore & haueþ an hot swot Jn þe deliueraunce of here accesse
& her breþ stynkeþ oyerwhiles ¶ And 3ef any of þese þre mannis fomen
meche & whit whenne þeþ beþ ifallen a-downe & strayne her teþ to-gedre
hit is of flume ¶ And 3ef he closeþ hie ey3en as þow he slepe & fome no
þyng bote a-ryseþ vp sone þenne hit is of colowre ¶ Bote 3ef he waxiþ
blak & torneþ a-syde his mowþe & strayne his honden to-gedere & ligge
stille as þow he wolde be ded & fome but a lytel þenne hit is of malenco
lye ¶ men þat haueþ epilensie oþere anelempsie schulluþ be dietit wiþ
metes þat beþ Jtemperat whote but þey þt han cathalempsye schulleþ ben
ydietid wiþ metis þat beþ itemperat cold ¶ And þes metis beþ goode for hem
hennes Fesentes partriches & soche oþer & schalede fisch & borage & persolye & fen
nel & goode clere wyn But hit be for þilke þt haþ cathalempsye ¶ And
abstayne þe for malencolyes metes as bef & alle man~ of coule-wortes & be
nyn & peson & melk & Oþer maner white metis & fram betus & merche &
salt metus & sowre metis & Rosted oþer fryed & from waterfowles & fiches
mori wateres & from hertes flesch & swynes flesch & schepes & from
notes & appelis & barlyche bred & Rye bred & oten bred & from baþyng
from company of wymen fra wraþe & fram criynge ¶ And 3ef hym oxi
mel squill oþer oxumel of Radisch oþer þis oxumel to defye þe matere of his
<fol. 8v>sykenesse ¶ Take þe sedes of Pyanie & sauge & wermot & netelyn &
hore-hound & lauendere & auannce and carsus & sene & make wyþ hem ox
umel & Caste þerto þe sedes of þilke þinges þat brekeþ þe stone ¶ Bot to
hem þat han cathalempsie Putte borage ypericon & custutes & eperythime ¶ A
noþer oxumel take þe powder of emforbe & staphi & pyretre & piliole & se
che oþer seþe hem in venegre & in wyne & syþþe make vp þine oximel
& After þis 3eue hym a purgacion ¶ Take him aloes wilde gowrde þat
is icleped in latyn coloquintida+bdellye o<ill><stain; c. 4 letters></ill>nak elleborus niger gumme a
rabik eueriche of þes . <symbol of ounce> . ij . of euforbe . <symbol of ounce> . s~ <semis?> make pullulees here of wiþ
þe ius of horehowne lapus aramenicus is ful profitable here ¶ After fowr~
days lete hym blede in þe arme at þe hed fayne & 3ef he haue moche blod
let hym be J-gassed & y-Copped in þe nekke ¶ A+good Porcion ¶ Take a por
sion of sawge & of pianye in lasse quantete & of costorie lasse þan þere &
of antimonye yn þe leste quantete ¶ Anoþer take of Oppopu~ castore san
drag~ antimon~ of eueriche y-lyche muche & 3ef hit hym in what maner þu myt<?>
hit is gode for chylderyn

<Tranche 2>

<fol. 29v><line 3>JN a mannes Teþ þer beþ many dyuerse grevans Ache wormes stynkynge Ro
tednesse ¶ Ache comeþ in dyuerse maners Oþerwhiles of þe hed & of humo
ros of þe hed þat falleþ doune in to þe teþ & þen comenlyche þe ouer
teþ akeþ . ¶ Oþerwhiles hit comeþ of þe stomake & þen þe neþer teþ akeþ
¶ Oþerwhiles hit comeþ of to hote metis þat a+man eteþ oþer to cold oþer to
hote sodayne chavngynge fram hote metes in-to colde ¶ Oþer Rythe sow
re+metes Oþer Rythe kene ¶ Oþer of corupt mete þt cleueþ by-twene þe teþ
for þe teþ beþ no3t þykke J set to-gedre but stodeþ fer atwo euery-chone fro
er ¶ Oþer-whiles þe ache comeþ of corupte humores þt beþ at þe rote
of þe teþ ¶ And 3ef hit comeþ of hete & from þe hed þe Chekes beþ to sw
olle & red & hote ¶ Jn ache þat comeþ of Cold þer is Palenesse of þe che
ke & cold of þe teþ ¶ And 3ef hit comeþ of moystenesse þer is swellynge
& softenesse of þe chekyn ¶ And 3ef hit comeþ of drynesse þan is hardnesse
and lytel swelleþ wyþ þe ache . ¶ And so 3ef hit is od colorie þe chekes
beþ swarte Red & þe ache is ful kene ¶ And 3yf hit is of flume þey
keþ white & þe ache ys wyþ heuynesse ¶ Of Blod comeþ Rednesse and
swellynge of chekes . ¶ Of Malencolye comeþ swart 3olwenesse of þe che
kyn wyþ lytel swellynge and grete heuenesse in þe ache ¶ And 3ef hit
comeþ of þe hed me may J-knowe hit by þe grevans of þe hed ¶ 3ef hit
comeþ of a kene humor a-monge þe teþ ¶ Hit makeþ þe teþ holowe . ¶
And 3ef hit comeþ of þe hed & þer be no Rume lete hym blod in þe hed vayne
of þe arme ¶ And 3ef þe body be ful of Blod let hym bleden at þe vayne
þat is onder þe tonge for þat is goode for þis grevans & for þe breste &
to make a+man haue a clene voyse . ¶ But 3ef hit comeþ of cold ne lete
hym no3t blod at þe veyne but lete hym be J-Copped in þe nekke putte
¶ And 3ef hit comeþ of þe Rume make þat þe numores ne flowe no3t to þe
teþ ¶ And 3ef hit comeþ wyþ fumygaciones of Roses J-soden in water oþer
in cold herbes þt mow lette þe humorus of her cors ¶ And 3ef þe Rume is of
cold make a+fumygacion of en-cense . ¶ And in boþe causes a+fumygacion of
<fol. 30r>Hennebane & leke sed is good . ¶ And 3ef hit comeþ of þe stomake lete hym che
we portulake oþer solatare wyþ venegre & purge þe stomake of his corupcion
¶ A+strictore to leggen on þe temples to stanche flowyng of humores þat
comeþ from þe hed schal be made of Mastyke of bole sawndrag~ & þe white of an
ey ¶ And hit is goode to ley cold plasteres to þe chyn wyþ a quantete of my
nte J-medeled þerwyþ ¶ But 3ef þe ache be ful grete ley a plaster wyþ-owten
of hennebane oþer of opyum . ¶ And medel galbanum & myrr~ & opium to-gedre
& ley in þy toþ oþer to þy toþ . ¶ Oþer myrre wyþ hennebane by hem-self ¶
¶ But 3ef hit be of Rume ley þerto no Venegre an namelyche 3ef þe ache
be on þe ton syde but make a plaster of Roses & of water-lylyen & henneba
ne wyþ perytor~ oþerwyþ comen . ¶ And 3ef al þis helpeþ no3t hit is to se
myng þat þe ache comeþ of sum worme Oþer þat þe teþ beþ J-perched by
sum ken humourer J-Roted by sum corupt humour . ¶ And 3ef hit be wyþ
swellyng of þe cheke hit is token of a postum a-monge þe teþ and þat schal
be J-heled as þe postum . ¶ Of þe gomes . ¶ And 3ef þe ache be ful gre
vous wyþ-owte swellynge hit is token of a worme . ¶ For in ye bygyn
nynge of wormes in þe teþ þe chekes ache is ful kene & þen hit may be
J-heled wyþ þe smoke of henbane but afterward hit is ful hard to destry
þe worme but me destry þe toþ & draw hym owte & þer as þe ache is old
hit is perlous to draw a toþ . ¶ Jn þe ache þt comeþ of blod hit suffiseþ
to lete him blod & 3ef hit comeþ of colorye let purgen hym a colagoge &
haue fumygaciouns of cold Erbes an namelyche of henbane ¶ And
hit comeþ of flume þt falleþ doun fram þe hed me mote lette hym of
his cors by strictores . ¶ And 3ef hit comeþ of þe stomake lete purge
þe stomake and seþþe let make a lytel Bagge of þe quantite of þi litel
fynger & fyl hit wyþ þis powder Take pyretre peper castore staphie euforbe
and powne hem to-geder to powder & do hem in-to þe Bagge by-twene
his teþ and let hym gnawe faste þeron ¶ And 3ef þe humorus comeþ fro
þe hed to þe teþ make hym a+gargarisyme to gnawen on of wyn þat Jsope
is soden in & pyretre & euforbe and peper . ¶ And make a plaster of <ar mattyac?>
<fol. 30 v>& of powdyr of Brymston J-knede to-gederys by þefyre and al warme J-ley
de to þe place þat akeþ . ¶ And 3ef hit comeþ of þe Rume make hym a
fumygacion of þe smoke of encense & of Clowes . ¶ And amonges alle þe
herbis origane & mentastre beþ þe beste for ache of þe teþ þat comeþ of cold
for þe wyn þt þey beþ J-soden in is profytable to be J-holde in þe mowþe &
þe herbes to be J-plastered by-þowte ¶ Also a+plaster J-mad of hony & of
salt ¶ Oþer of hony & of storac~ . ¶ A+strictorie to leggen on þe temples
Take þe powder of encense of Mastyk & of spyk Jmedeled wyþ þe white
of an ey . ¶ Many oþer special medecynes þer beþ for þe toþ ache ¶ On is
þis take þe water þt is destelled of þe Red nettellis & wete a clowte þerJnne &
ley to þe cheke ¶ Oþer take þe Juus of Red nettelen & medel half þerwyþ half
so moche of Red wyn & wete a Clowte þerin & ley hit to þe cheke wyþ-owten
¶ Oþer take pyretre & seþe hit in venegre & chewe hit a good while in þy
mowþe & suþþe spete hit owte & let þi mowþe be opyn þt þe flume þt falleþ
in-to þe mowþ may passe forþ in his wey ¶ And in þe same maner þu
mythe chewe . iiij graynes oþer . v . of staphie oþer mastyk oþer galbanum & suþ
þe spete hem owte & lete þe flume renne owte at þe mowþe ¶ Anoþer
stampe Pollopody & salt togedre & make þer-of a+plaster & ley to þe cheke
¶ Oþer do þe Juus þer-of in to þe nostrel . ¶ Oþer frote þe teþ wyþ powder
þat is Jmade wyþ gynger & peper & peretr~ & coste . ¶ And wat~ . þt an aschen
rote is soden in & holde a man his mowþe þer-ouer is profytable . ¶ And so
is þe Juus of garlec & powder of peper þer-wyþ J-caste in to þe Ere of þe
conterar~ syde þat þe ache is . ¶ Hares Brayne on 3onge Chylderyn che
kys makeþ her teþ wexe And þe Rote of houndestonge J-stamped and
seþþe Jfroted a lytel wyþ oyle oþer wyþ boter is good to leggen vppon þe
cheke . ¶ And alym & salt beþ gode & Columbyne & vervayne J-so
den to-gedere . ¶ And orygan & minte J-stamped to-gedre & þe powder
of hem J-leyde to þe sor~ toþ . ¶ And þe Juus of Carson J-do in þe Eris
seceþ þe ache of þe teþ . ¶ anoþer seþe þe rotes tytymalle in wyn & wyþ
<fol. 31r>þt wyn let weche þy teþ for hit doþ a-wey þe ache . ¶ And þe same doþ þe
Rote of netelyn Jsode in Venegre & þe rotes J-plastered in þe cheke . ¶ And
so doþ þe Rote of Pentafylon & of Camedreos . ¶ And 3ef þe ache ne se
cet no3t by alle þes medecynes þu most worche stupefactyues as henbane
& opyum ¶ And 3ef þt make no3t þe ache secen þu most drawe owte þe
toþ . ¶ Rotednesse of þe teþ comeþ of þe same enchesones þt doþ ache co
meþ & þer beþ J-saved fram Rotynge by þyngys þt comforted<d corrected to þ?> þe teþ as
to froten hem wyþ þe powder of canel & wyþ Mastyk oþer wyþ powder of
origon oþer of Mynte oþer wyþ nitre but hit ne is no3t good to froten þe teþ
wyþ Ry3t hote spyces for þt wol maken hem roten wel þe raþer . ¶ Also
myrre & Egrymonie & Verveyne & galles þt me make þer-of ynke &
olybanum kepeþ þe teþ fro rotynge & comforteþ hem moche ¶ And to dry
þe teþ after+mete wyþ a+lynne cloþ hit is profitable & clanseþ ham þt no mete
ne no corupcion abyde among þe teþ to make hem Roten