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The role of migrants in the US economy

Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen from the Department of Geography at the University at Buffalo-State University of New York will present the paper: The role of migrants in the US economy: An analysis of demographic and economic patterns (Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen and Torsten Schunder)

Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen from the Department of Geography at the University at Buffalo-State University of New York will present the paper: The role of migrants in the US economy: An analysis of demographic and economic patterns (Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen and Torsten Schunder)

The seminar is open for all interested.

Place and time: UiS Business School Seminar on Thursday October 24 at Elise Ottesen-Jensens hus, EOJ 276/277 at 12:15-13:15.

Title: The role of migrants in the US economy: An analysis of demographic and economic patterns (Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen and Torsten Schunder)

Abstract:

Migration contributes toward population shifts in a significant way across the United States.  With natural decrease in population across several parts of the United States, the role of migrants has become quite critical in maintaining the population base of various regions.  In addition, migrants participate in the workforce, revitalize housing and neighborhoods, and contribute toward entrepreneurship.  Migrants within the US can be domestic or foreign-born.  In addition, international migrants can also be considered separately within the broader category of foreign-born in the United States.  Using data from the U.S. Census, this study first examines the pattern of change in population that is attributed to foreign-born across the United States.  Next, this study examines the employment pattern of recent arrivals in the context of local employment shifts. Employment shifts are analyzed for industry-occupation groups using the 5% Public Use Micro Sample of the U.S. Decennial Census and data from the American Community Survey in a metropolitan area with a deindustrialized city: the Buffalo-Niagara region. Location quotients and shift-share analysis are used to categorize the shifts in industry-occupation groups (I-O groups) as growing, transforming, declining, or emerging.  Next, the association of various demographic factors (e.g., education, English proficiency, race, ethnic networks) with employment in the above I-O groups is analyzed. The results show that foreign-born has the ability to completely offset population decline in smaller metropolitan areas.  However, the employment pattern of foreign-born show variation by migration status and ethnicity. The role of networks is especially important in declining industry-occupation groups. In conclusion, patterns and relationships are discussed with particular focus on the local-regional implications of race/ethnic clustering in various I-O groups.

 

Keyword: industrial change, occupation change, domestic migrants, immigrants, ethnic niche

 

The role of migrants in the US economy