We welcome all interested to the UiS Business School Wednesday Seminar February 5, Elise Ottesen-Jensens hus, EOJ 276/277 at 11:30-12:30 (feel free to bring your lunch)
Presenting: Štěpán Mikula (Masaryk University, Czech Republic)
Co-author: Mariola Pytliková (CERGE-EI, Czech Republic)
The papers title: Air Pollution and Migration – exploiting a natural experiment from the Czech
This paper examines the causal effects of air pollution on migration by exploiting a unique natural experiment of rapid desulfurization of power plants in the region of North Bohemia in the Czech Republic after the fall of communism in 1989. The results based on a difference-in-difference estimator show that the estimated effect of reduction in sulfur dioxide (SO2) concentrations on emigration is negative and statistically significant. The effect is sizable: we find that the large reduction in air pollution due to the technology adoption decreased emigration rates from polluted municipalities by approx. 27%. The effect is non-linear in the sense that the effect is much larger for municipalities with the highest pollution levels prior to the desulfurization. Thus, our results suggest that high air pollution loads in the pre-desulfurization period made staying in municipality significantly less desirable, i.e., acted as a strong push factor. All the above results are validated in numerous robustness checks and supported by zero effects from placebo tests. Besides, we explore other historical experimental settings, which allow us to separate out the interplay of possible mechanisms, such as the role of economic benefits, social capital, and man-made amenities. All of those channels are otherwise hard to disentangle. Our results based on a triple difference estimator show that the anti-emigration policies had no impact on emigration decisions, whereas we find that the effect of air pollution on emigration tended to be stronger in municipalities with weaker social capital and in municipalities less equipped with man-made amenities. These results suggest that strengthening social capital as well as investing in better facilities in the area of education, health, and social care, as well as facilities promoting sport and cultural activities, can partially mitigate the migratory response to air pollution.