This is the study programme for 2019/2020. It is subject to change.
Introduction to Xray and Neutron scattering. The course covers the basic physical principles underlying the interaction of Xray and neutrons with matter, as well as the physics behind standard experimental techniques used to understand the structure and dynamical processes in matter.
Learning outcome
After completing the course, the student will have an understanding of the spatial structure of simple crystals as well as explain the correlation between the reciprocal lattice, miller index and diffraction. Be able to explain various types of interactions between xray/neutrons and matter. Characterize main types of scattering: elastic / inelastic, coherent / incoherent, nuclear / magnetic, apply the theory of basic principles in diffraction and spectroscopy. Be able to calculate structural factors for simple systems. Be able to explain fundamental characteristics of synchrotron radiation as well as various types of experimental methods associated with the use of neutrons and synchrotron radiation. Determine whether neutron scattering or Xray scattering is a suitable experimental technique for a given project. Explain the structure of instruments for the above types of experiments.
Contents
 Atomic and Crystalline Structure of Matter
Energy, length and temperature scales
 Atomic structure and description of many electron systems
 Atomic spectra and selection rules
 Crystalline state
 Symmetry operations and symmetry elements
 Crystal systems, Bravais lattices and crystallographic point groups
 Reciprocal lattice
 Crystallographic space groups
Xray and Neutrons: Wave and Particle Descriptions Basic properties of neutrons Basic properties of Xrays
Scattering Theory Absorption and scattering processes: elastic and inelastic Scattering cross section
 Fermi's golden rule
Xray  Matter interactions Scattering by an electron Scattering by an atom
 Scattering by an atomic cell
 Form factors and extinction rules
Neutron  Matter interactions Scattering of neutrons by a single fixed nucleus Nuclear scattering (CoherentIncoherent)
 Magnetic scattering
Diffraction Single crystal diffraction Laue diffraction (includes practical exercise)
 Powder diffraction
Inelastic Scattering Phonons and vibrations Spin waves
Synchrotron and Neutron Instrumentation Synchrotron sources Neutron sources
 Diffractometers
 Spectrometers
 Small angle scattering techniques
 Reflectometers
Required prerequisite knowledge
Recommended previous knowledge
FYS300 Electromagnetism and Special Relativity, FYS310 Statistical Physics and Solid State Physics, FYS320 Quantum Mechanics
Exam
Oral exam and report

Weight 
Duration 
Marks 
Aid 
Muntlig eksamen  8/10    None permitted

Report  2/10    
Oral exam 80%, Laboratory report 20%.
If a student fails the oral exam, it is possible to retake next semester. Laboratory report is not possible to retake before next time the subject is lectured.
Coursework requirements
Attendance at lab training
Course teacher(s)
 Course teacher
 Olena Zavorotynska
 Coordinator laboratory exercises
 Anna Cecilie Åsland
 Course coordinator
 Diana Lucia Quintero Castro
 Head of Department
 Bjørn Henrik Auestad
Method of work
4 hours lectures and 2 hours exercises per week.1 laboratory practice
Open to
Master studies at the Faculty of Science and Technology
Course assessment
Literature
 Elementary scattering theory for Xray and Neutron Users  D.S. SIVIA
 G.L. Squires, Thermal Neutron Scattering
 ELEMENTS OF MODERN XRAY PHYSICS  Des McMorrow and Jens AlsNielsen
 XRay Diffraction Crystallography (ebook). Y Waseda, E. Matsubara, K. Shinoda
 International Tables for XRay Crystallography Vol. A  D.
This is the study programme for 2019/2020. It is subject to change.
Sist oppdatert: 15.12.2019