Banking and Financial Markets Law (MFJ130)

The course "Banking and Financial Markets Law" provides students with an in-depth understanding of the legal issues that arise in banking regulation and law. The course aims to investigate the recent developments in banking law, with the new legislation put in place at the international, The course provides students with an in-depth understanding of the legal issues that arise in banking regulation and law. The course aims to investigate the recent developments in banking law, with the new legislation put in place at international, European and national level in the aftermath of the crisis.

The course is divided into three sections with different subject areas that disentangle the rationales and main elements of financial regulation into three components: the "why", the "who" and the "how".

During the first section (the "why"), the reasons behind regulation and supervision of banks are dealt with. This section addresses the market failures associated with the banking sector (negative externalities, bank run, domino effect, bail out) from a law and economics perspective.

During the second section (the "who"), the financial regulatory system, with the regulatory authorities and supervisory functions at the national level, at the European Union (EU) level as well as at the global level are identified and explained.

During the third section (the "how"), focus is on substantive banking regulation. During this section, the regulation of payment and settlement systems, capital and liquidity controls, supervision of banks as well as bank insolvency and resolution is covered.

The course ends by providing "glimpses" of Financial Technology (FinTech) and Money Law. By building on the knowledge gained through the course, this part aims to display and examine how financial technology is impacting traditional finance and business transactions. Topics i.e. virtual currencies and crypto assets, peer-to-peer lending, blockchain technology, ICOs ,NFTs will be dealt with.

The course aims to push the boundaries of educational experience for students.

Students will be exposed to a wide range of stimulating activities spanning from mandatory lectures, in-focus lectures from guest lecturers, practitioners, to advanced optional activities such as moot courts, research paper assignments and tailored study trips to central banks and European agencies.

Course description for study year 2023-2024. Please note that changes may occur.


Course code




Credits (ECTS)


Semester tution start


Number of semesters


Exam semester


Language of instruction



The course will contain the following topics:

1. Introduction. Market Failures as a justification to financial law

2. The EU banking law-making process

3. The concept of banking supervision and supervisory powers. Distinction between "prudential" supervision and "conduct" supervision

4. The European Supervisory Authorities as European Agencies

5. The European Banking Union

6. The Single Supervisory Mechanism and the relationship between the European Central Bank and the National Competent Authorities

The Single Resolution Mechanism and the Single Resolution Authority

7. Monetary law

8. The Substantive Rules (capital requirements/liquidity requirements/corporate governance/the authorization procedure)

9. FinTech, Digitalisation and platforms

Learning outcome


The objective of the course is that students have knowledge about:

  • the main reforms that unfolded after the financial crisis
  • differences sources of banking law.
  • of the supervisory practices at national and European and international level
  • the main regulatory strategies applied to banking and finance
  • the regulatory bodies function (BIS; FSB; EBA; …)


The objective of the course is that students develop the skills to:

  • Analyse different sources of banking law
  • examine of the main regulatory strategies applied to banking and finance
  • understand and explain the criticisms and issues of banking and financial law
  • can discuss the interaction between international, European and national regulatory developments and take into consideration the societal context underpinning banking and financial law

Required prerequisite knowledge



Form of assessment Weight Duration Marks Aid
Individual written exam 1/1 3 Hours Letter grades Lovdata

Coursework requirements

There will be one written assignment which the students must hand in in order to be allowed to take the final exam. The assignment will be discussed in class later on.

Course teacher(s)

Course coordinator:

Andrea Minto

Study Program Director:

Lana Bubalo

Method of work

Estimated workload

Videos 2 hours - for introduction and expectation regulation, and for repetition purposes

Reading of curriculum 72 hours - everyone has to read the specified curriculum before class

Lectures 36 hours

Group work/ written assignment 32 hours (work in groups, individual hand-ins, review in class)

Self-study 80 hours

Exam 18 hours

Administrative work 10 hours

Open for

Business Law, Master's Degree Programme Business Administration - Master of Science

Course assessment

There must be an early dialogue between the course coordinator, the student representative and the students. The purpose is feedback from the students for changes and adjustments in the course for the current semester.In addition, a digital course evaluation must be carried out at least every three years. Its purpose is to gather the students experiences with the course.


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