Energy Transition Law and Policy (MFJ310)

In this course the students gain fundamental knowledge of environmental and energy transition law from multi-level governance and international comparative perspectives. They acquire specific knowledge about what our international climate obligations are, the state of our current energy situation, and how we can transition from our current energy situation to reach our international climate obligations.

Course description for study year 2023-2024. Please note that changes may occur.


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This course is taught in three parts between the University of Stavanger and the Aix-Marseille University. The first part of the course examines in detail the sources, principles and rules of the international climate change regime (UNFCCC/Kyoto Protocol/Paris Agreement) and its related legal mechanisms; the legal obligations deriving from the climate regime and how they affect the energy sector (a major source of emissions); and the international obligations to reduce climate emissions.

The second part of the course examines the current status of our energy markets, emissions, and interactions.

The third part of the course looks at how we can transition from the current energy status to fulfill our international obligations to reduce emissions by looking at regulation of renewable energy resources (solar, wind, hydro, hydrogen) and nuclear, as well as technological drivers needed to reach our international climate agenda (such as battery storage and carbon capture and storage).

Learning outcome


Upon completion of the course, students will:

  • Have an understanding of the rules and principles of the international climate regime;
  • Understand the current energy markets;
  • Have an understanding of the economic, political and philosophical context of international rules and principles related to renewable energy, and their application and relevance in national jurisdictions;
  • Have knowledge of the complexity that technology brings to combating climate change and technology’s impact on environmental issues.


Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:

  • Explain the interaction between renewable energy resources and the goals set to reduce climate change through technological advances and environmental limitations;
  • Reflect on various energy topics and ask critical questions from a legal perspective;
  • Work independently and carry out an integrated and comprehensive legal analysis of national and transnational climate change law issues;
  • Demonstrate the ability to make assessments with regard to disciplinary, social and ethical aspects and demonstrate awareness of ethical aspects of research and development work;
  • Demonstrate insight into the possibilities and limitations of research, its role in society and the responsibility of the individual for how it is used; and
  • Demonstrate the ability to identify the personal need for further knowledge and take responsibility for their ongoing learning.

Required prerequisite knowledge

One must have passed a bachelor's degree in law or a degree that combines law and economics. In the latter case, at least 50 credits must be in legal subjects and the Legal Method.

Students are expected to have some prior knowledge of public international law.


Form of assessment Weight Duration Marks Aid
Paper 1/1 2 Weeks Letter grades All

One paper comprising of three questions covering each of the three parts of the course - graded.Counts 100% of the grade. Students will have two weeks to write the take-home paper.There are no limitations on the resources used.Word limit: 1500 word per question.

Course teacher(s)

Course teacher:

Aaron Martin Cooper

Course coordinator:

Kristoffer Svendsen

Method of work

Lectures, seminars (case studies that the students prepare beforehand and present).

Open for

Business Law, Master's Degree Programme Business Administration - Master of Science

Course assessment

There must be an early dialogue between the course coordinator, the student representative and the students. The purpose is feedback from the students for changes and adjustments in the course for the current semester.In addition, a digital course evaluation must be carried out at least every three years. Its purpose is to gather the students experiences with the course.


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