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Mechanical engineering and materials science

The research group for mechanical engineering and materials technology has broad expertise in the design of mechanical components, testing and development of materials, manufacturing methods and methods for load calculations and fluid dynamics.

Publisert: Endret:

Fatigue and structural integrity

The reason of the 98% of the failures of mechanical systems and the 60% of the failures of structures subjected to variable loading conditions is fatigue.

Rigg for utmattingstesting av komponenter
Rig for fatigue testing of components

A main field of research and teaching activities of the department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science (IMBM) is the design of offshore structures, machine components, subsea systems, buildings and bridges etc. Fatigue damage accumulation modeling and life-time prediction of engineering structures under service loading are main research areas of the FSIG-UiS group. The research portfolio of our experts contains a significant number of publications, research monographs, editorial and review service for high-impact international journals, participation in research projects and collaboration with important industries. Furthermore, their results have international recognition by independent researchers from the academy and industry. Currently, the research team is working on improvement of methods and models for structural design, life-time prediction and health monitoring of structures and machine parts. The FSIG-UiS has access in modern facilities.

Material technology

In general, material technology is to understand the connection between microstructure, the internal structure of materials, and their properties.

Skanningelektronmikroskop
Scanning electron microscope

In connection with the green transition, the functional properties are of great importance. This may, for example, be how different microstructure affects the efficiency of solar cells or batteries. Our activity has mainly been aimed at metallic construction materials for offshore use related to how different microstructure affects the technological properties such as strength and corrosion properties.

Printing of metallic materials has been under great development in recent years. This method of production provides new opportunities that the industry finds interesting, but also new material technology challenges. Material produced by 3D printing has a far more complicated microstructure than the equivalent conventionally produced material. The complicated microstructure gives altered technological properties, often undesirable. The reduced properties in relation to the metal's potential opens up exciting material technology challenges where knowledge of the microstructure is crucial for making knowledge-based changes to the alloy composition and the printing parameters. These are exciting material technology challenges to take part in! The potential for the use of 3D-printed metal is significant if the technological properties are satisfactory. The companies can save money by, among other things, avoiding having large reserve stocks. This contributes to the green transition in that smaller metal must be produced; a small part is not made by removing a lot of metal from a large block as before. The need for large parts warehouses is reduced, as parts can be printed close to where they are to be used, when they are to be used. The CO2 footprint is reduced by requiring less metal to be produced and the need for transport is reduced by printing rather than traditional manufacturing.

Welding and in-service inspection

Welding research at IMBM is mainly focused on life extension of existing welds by estimation of welding induced residual stress profile in repair/critical welded joints.

sveising
Illustration photo

Our research includes:

  • Weld modelling of multi-pass weld joints (e.g., TKY) and estimation of welding induced residual stresses and distortions by use of custom based plugins and thermo-mechanical analysis respectively in simulation environment like ABAQUS.
  • Welding procedure qualification record (WPQR) of critical weld as per fabrication codes like EN 15614-1, NORSOK M-101.
  • Non-destructive testing (NDT) for defect assessment of weld by use of techniques like Magnetic particle inspection (MPI), dye penetrant testing (DPT), ultrasonic testing (UT) and phased array ultrasonic testing (PAUT).

Design and Manufacturing

The manufacturing sector is considered as backbone of the economy of many countries.

Bilde fra additiv produksjon lab.
From the additive production lab

Understanding that the next generation advanced manufacturing requires enabling technologies such as additive manufacturing, artificial intelligence (AI), robotics and automation, among others, current research in advanced manufacturing at IMBM mainly focuses on Additive Manufacturing (AM). Within this technology, our research activities are divided into three:

  1. application areas of AM such as renewables and medical sectors
  2. design for additive manufacturing (DfAM), including modelling and simulation
  3. materials and processes including parameters that optimize performances

The next generation advanced manufacturing further demands that the process realizes digitalization, environmental sustainability, and more flexibility for customized production of products. AM based process can address these demands, though there are still challenges related with the competitiveness of the process in terms of economic sustainability and material compatibility. The research team in AM research at UiS work with relevant regional and national sectors to bring the AM technology as a mature and feasible manufacturing method in key strategic areas.

More information here: Lean 6σ Learning Academy | University of Stavanger (uis.no)

Fluid dynamics and CFD

Simulert luftstrømning rundt alpinist
Simulated airflow around alpine skier

Our research in fluid dynamics spans several areas.

  • Aero- and hydrodynamics: We explore how we can design more efficient rotors for drones and more efficient blades for wind turbines and tidal turbines.
  • Sports aerodynamics: We develop detailed simulation models that can be used to reduce air resistance for use in sports and other industries.
  • Wind flow in urban areas: We develop effective simulation tools to study how new buildings affect wind conditions in urban areas.
  • Multiphase flow: Using detailed simulation models, we can provide insight into complex processes such as well construction and other processes in the oil and gas industry.
  • Medical technology: We are researching how to create patient-specific models of blood flow to streamline surgical procedures.

Researchers

Førsteamanuensis
Faculty of Science and Technology

Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science
Professor
51831938
Stavanger
Faculty of Science and Technology

Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science
Professor
51832139
Faculty of Science and Technology

Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science
Professor
51832173
Faculty of Science and Technology

Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science
Førsteamanuensis
51832157
Faculty of Science and Technology

Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science
Professor
51832154
Faculty of Science and Technology

Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science
Professor II
Faculty of Science and Technology

Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science
Professor II
Faculty of Science and Technology

Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science

Paper from UiS won the best paper award

The paper was awarded at the 40th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2021).

Scholarship awarded to 6 UiS PhDs

Only 25 young researchers around the world were selected to participate in the OMAE2022 Outreach for Engineers Forum. 6...

Industrial Asset Management

Smart Asset, Operation Technology and Maintenance Analytics.

Marine and Offshore Technology / Ocean Technology

Oceans cover more than 70 % of the earth’s surface. However, those are still much unexplored.

Akmaral studied online in a different time zone

– This semester completely changed my daily routine, but it was worth it, says Akmaral Tokbergenova from Kazakhstan.

Creating new safety solutions for the wind sector

Master student Sharath Chandar Joghee is collaborating with the local company Energy Innovation to implement new safety ...

Lean 6σ Learning Academy

UiS is part of the Lean 6σ Learning Academy, organised by European Networks for Performance Enhancement in Mechanical (M...

Their paper became "featured article" in Physics of Fluids

Muk Chen Ong and Guang Yin recently got their paper published in Physics of Fluids, one of the best fluid mechanics jour...

OTICS – collaboration

Ocean Technology Innovation Cluster Stavanger (OTICS) connects researchers, educators and students at UiS with partners ...

OTICS – Offshore Wind

The demand and development of global wind power energy have significantly increased in the past decades. The wind power ...

OTICS – Fjord Crossings

This area focuses on Wind and Wave Load and Response Modelling and Monitoring​.​

OTICS – Marine and Subsea Technology​​

UiS researchers study a range of issues connected to Offshore and Subsea Technology​.​

Became editor of the highest impact factor journal in Civil Engineering

Professor Dimitrios Pavlou at Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science recently became ...

Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science

The Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science is a leading academic environment for educ...

Offshore Technology, Mechanical and Structural Engineering - PhD

Offshore Technology, Mechanical and Structural Engineering is a subfield within the doctoral programme in Science and Te...