Provenance research tracks the transport routes of sediment. Such research is done for various reasons, such as paleogeographic, paleogeologic, and tectonic reconstructions of basins, basin surroundings, and continental-plate configurations. The research can help to reconstruct both basin and basement evolution, for instance by estimating erosion rates. It also can be applied to archeometry to reveal the origin of materials used by early humans, and in forensic sciences.