Handelshøgskolen ved UiS ønsker aller interesserte velkommen til åpent seminar i seminarserien Økonomi og Finans.
Nina Drange fra SSB vil presentere sin forskning på "Early child care and child development"
Evidence on how child care affects child development of preschoolers has been mounting in recent years. While results are mixed, several studies have shown positive effects, in particular for children from disadvantaged families. This has led to a push for expanding access to child care by governments in both Europe and the US. However, evidence on how child care affects the development of toddlers is largely missing. Effects on toddlers may differ from effects on preschoolers for several reasons. In particular, while the alternative mode of care for preschoolers is typically found to be other forms of out-of-home care, the alternative mode of care for toddlers may to a larger extent be in-home care by parents or other close caregivers. This is particularly worrisome, because toddlers are thought to be vulnerable to physical separation from the main caregiver(s), which may cause anxiety and aggression in the child. We exploit the exact details of the centralized assignment mechanism for child care in Oslo, to estimate the impact of age of enrollment in child care on early child development. Armed with unique data on all applicants, offers and enrollment, as well as language and math tests at school start, we use an instrumental variable strategy to estimate causal effects. As an instrument for enrolling in child care, we use whether a child that applied was offered a slot in child care in its second year of life, conditioning on all covariates used in ranking of children. Our first stage estimates show that not getting an offer delays child care start by about four months on average. Preliminary results show that on average this delay does not affect test scores in first grade. We do however find suggestive evidence that effects may depend on age, with signs of positive effects for infants (8-12 months old) and older (17-20 months old) toddlers, and negative effects for children in-between.
Seminaret finner sted i Ellen & Axel Lunds hus H-125 kl 11:30-12:30.