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Farmers at the frontier : a Pan-European perspective on neolithisation by Kurt J Gron (redaktør), Peter Rowley-Conwy (1951-) (redaktør) og Lasse Sørensen (redaktør)
All farming in prehistoric Europe ultimately came from elsewhere in one way or another, unlike the growing numbers of primary centers of domestication and agricultural origins worldwide. This fact affects every aspect of our understanding of the start of farming on the continent because it means that ultimately, domesticated plants and animals came from somewhere else, and from someone else. In an area as vast as Europe, the process by which food production becomes the predominant subsistence strategy is of course highly variable, but in a sense the outcome is the same, and has the potential for addressing more large-scale questions regarding agricultural origins. Therefore, a detailed understanding of all aspects of farming in its absolute earliest form in various regions of Europe can potentially provide a new perspective on the mechanisms by which this monumental change comes to human societies and regions. In this volume, we aim to collect various perspectives regarding the earliest farming from across Europe. Methodological approaches, archaeological cultures, and geographic locations in Europe are variable, but all papers engage with the simple question: What was the earliest farming like? This volume opens a conversation about agriculture just after the transition in order to address the role incoming people, technologies, and adaptations have in secondary adoptions. The book starts with an introduction by the editors which will serve to contextualize the theme of the volume. The broad arguments concerning the process of neolithisation are addressed, and the rationale for the volume discussed. Contributions are ordered geographically and chronologically, given the progression of the Neolithic across Europe. The editors conclude the volume with a short commentary paper regarding the theme of the volume.
Museet som ett socialt rum och en plats för lärande redaktörer: Gustav Wollentz, Martin Brandt Djupdræt, Anna Hansen, Lasse Sonne
Hur skapas rum på museer som uppmuntrar till och stimulerar social interaktion? Vad lär sig en besökare via den sociala interaktionen? Vilka metoder kan användas för utvärdera sociala rum och de effekter som kan uppnås med en socialt stimulerande miljö? I projektet Increased Learning Through Social Spaces, som finansierats av Nordplus Adult under 2018-2021, har partners från Sverige, Norge och Danmark undersökt just de sociala dimensionerna av museiupplevelsen i mer detalj, och i den här volymen presenterar vi några av de resultat som vi har kommit fram till. I projektet har vi undersökt hur man skapar, använder och utvärderar sociala rum på museer, och vi har genomfört en rad undersökningar på museer i Sverige, Norge och Danmark där vi har samlat in ett empiriskt material som vi utgår ifrån i våra analyser och reflektioner. Projektet leds av Regionmuseet Skåne, och övriga projektpartners är Den Gamle By, Nordiskt Centrum för Kulturarvspedagogik och Universitetet i sydöstra Norge. Denna bok bör ses som inspirerande material för alla som vill arbeta med detta ämne.
Fornvårdaren 39. The transformation of museums and education in the north meets the contemporary political agenda on Lifelong Learning and the implementation of the 21st Century Skills Framework and emphasise a neo-liberalisation of cultural and educational politics in the Nordic countries. The Nordic foundation on democracy establishes a fundamental backdrop for a necessary recalling of cultural and educational purposes as the Nordic dimension begins to dissolve due to the exchange of transnational and more isomorphic co-productive arrangements. In Finland, they have reformed their educational system with an emphasis on content rather than outcomes and the essential distinction between “matter and meaning” has been revitalised as it used to dominate educational and cultural settings in the Nordic countries. The shift towards outcomes in Scandinavia establishes both (old) barriers to and (new) possibilities for collaboration between Museums and Education in the North.
In this book, Lee A. Newsom offers an overview of wood in archaeology --how and where it is preserved and analyzed, its relevance to paleoecological and paleoenvironmental questions, as well as its role as an important source of information in modern archaeological science and related historical disciplines. Her book addresses a range of questions about wood reliance practices, sustainability, and the overall relevance of forest ecosystems to past cultures and cultural evolution. Newsom provides a step-by-step treatment of archaeological analysis with clear explanations and examples from various corners of the world. She also shows how the study of archaeological wood is relevant to modern restoration ecology and conservation biology that tracks long-term ancient ecosystems, including questions of global change. Demonstrating the vital role of wood and timber resources to past human societies, her book will interest scholars and students of archaeology, historical ecology, paleoecology, and wood science.
Early-medieval Irish fine metalwork is generally agreed to be one of the high points of achievement in European decorative arts. In the corpus of finds from the 7th to the 10th centuries are many masterpieces of the goldsmith's art some are personal ornaments, many are objects made for the service of the Church. The corpus of metalwork has been greatly expanded in recent years by new finds and by re-examination of older discoveries and major international exhibitions have won a new understanding of the significance of this material. A series of papers by Michael Ryan recording many new finds and analysing their significance are republished in this volume.
Bones at a crossroads : integrating worked bone research with archaeometry and social zooarchaeology by Wild, M. et al.
Bone tool studies are at a crossroads. A current path is to go beyond the concatenation of methods or concepts borrowed from other disciplines and aim instead at a truly integrated approach that is more in line with the objectives of interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research.
The papers in this volume follow this direction by adopting various forms of dialogue and integration between old and new methods and approaches, including technological analysis, usewear analysis, typology, zooarchaeology, stable isotope analysis, experimental archaeology or spatial analysis. They represent a mixture of methodological issues, case studies, and discussions of larger cultural and historical phenomena that span thousands of years and many parts of the World, from South Asia to the Near East and Europe, and from North to South America. The synergies deriving from these multi-perspective approaches lead to the repeated identification of diverse social aspects of past societies, including the identification of general social contexts of bone tool production and use, transmission of knowledge, the symbolic dimensions of artifacts, and intergroup relations as well as warfare and state formation processes.
Monuments in the making : raising the great dolmens in early neolithic Northern Europe by Vicki Cummings; Colin Richards
In this book we offer an exciting new perspective on a distinctive form of megalithic monument that is found across most areas of northern Europe. In order to achieve this we have abandoned outmoded typological classifications and re-introduced the term 'dolmen' to embrace a range of sites that share a common form of megalithic architecture: the elevation and display of a substantial stone. By critically assessing the traditionally assigned role of these monuments and their architecture as megalithic tombs, the presence of the dead is reassessed and argued to form part of a process generating vibrancy to the materiality of the dolmen. As such this book argues that the megalithic architecture identified as a dolmen is not a chambered tomb at all but instead is a qualitatively different form of monument. We also provide an entirely different conception of the utility of this extraordinary megalithic architecture - one that seeks to emphasise its building as articulating discourses of wonder as a broad social strategy.
This volume develops new theoretical and methodological approaches to the archaeology of households pursuing three critical themes: household diversity in human residential communities with and without archaeologically identifiable houses, interactions within and between households that explicitly considers impacts of kin and non-kin relationships and lastly change as a process that involves the choices made by members of households in the context of larger societal constraints. Encompassing these themes, authors explore the role of social ties and their material manifestations (within the house, dwelling or other constructed space), how the household relates to other social units, how households consolidate power and control over resources, and how these changes manifest at multiple scales. The case studies presented in this volume have broader implications for understanding the drivers of change, the ways households create the contexts for change, and how households serve as spaces for invention, reaction, and/or resistance.
In this important book, the authors unpack the theoretical and practical issues around the development of heritage sites, critically dissecting key conservation benchmarks such as the ICOMOS guidelines, BS 7913 and the RIBA Conservation Plan of Work to reveal the mechanics of heritage guidance, its advantages and conceptual limitations. Underpinned by an active understanding of the conservation philosophy of William Morris, the book presents five case studies from the UK and North and South America that speak about different facets of heritage value, such as urban identity, commodification, authenticity, materiality and heritage as an intellectual and ethical framework. Heritage is never neutral; its definition is privileged yet its influence is political. Art, landscape and archaeology all offer examples of how the operational ideas of adjacent disciplines can influence an integrated idea of heritage conservation, and how this is communicated in order to determine significance and share in its custodianship. This book provides insights into how to identify and challenge these limitations, expanding inclusion by describing tactics for changing how people can relate to and build on the past. Clearly written for all levels of readership within the conservation professions and community custodians of heritage buildings and places, the book provides strategies and tactics for understanding the heritage significance of materials, their fabrication, detail and use. The narratives that historic fabric contains can help shape the meaningful involvement of local people, providing a roadmap for those navigating the double-bind of using the past to underpin the future.
The Object of Conservation examines how historic buildings, monuments and artefacts are cared for as valued embodiments of the past. It tells the fascinating story of the working lives of those involved in conservation through an ethnographic account of a national heritage agency.
How are conservation objects made? What is the moral purpose of that making and what practical consequences flow from this? Revealing the hidden labour of keeping things as they are, the book highlights the ethical commitments and dilemmas involved in trying to care well. In doing so, it reveals how conservation objects are made literally to matter. Taking debates in the interdisciplinary field of heritage studies forward in important new directions, the book engages with themes of broader interest within the arts, humanities and social sciences, shedding new light on time, authenticity, modernity, materiality, expert knowledge and the politics of care.
The Object of Conservation is a thought-provoking and engaging account that offers original insights for students, scholars, heritage professionals and others interested in the work of caring for the past.
Urnes is the oldest and best known of the Norwegian stave churches. Despite its rich sculptural program, complex building history, fine medieval furnishings, and UNESCO World Heritage Site status, Urnes has attracted scant scholarly attention beyond Scandinavia. Broadly speaking, the church has been seen to exemplify Nordic traditions, a view manifest in the frequent use of “Urnes style” to designate the final phase of Viking art.. While in no way denying or diminishing the importance of local or regional traditions, this book examines Urnes from a global perspective, considering how its art and architecture engaged international developments from across Europe, the Mediterranean, and Central Asia. In adopting this alternative approach, the articles collected in this volume offer the most current research on Urnes, published in English to reach a broad audience. The aim is to reinvigorate academic interest and debate in not only what is one of the most important churches in the world, but also in the rich cultural heritage of Northern Europe.
This fourth edition of Museum Basics has been produced for use in the many museums worldwide that operate with few professional staff and limited resources. The fourth edition has been fully updated to reflect the many changes that have taken place in museums around the world over the last six years.
Drawing from a wide range of practical experience, the authors provide a basic guide to all aspects of museum work, from audience development and learning, through collections management and conservation, to museum management and forward planning. Museum Basics is organised on a modular basis, with over 100 units in eight sections. It can be used both as a reference work to assist day-to-day museum management, and as the key textbook for pre-service and in-service museum training programmes, where it can be supplemented by case studies, project work and group discussion. This edition includes over 100 diagrams to support the text, as well as a glossary, sources of information and support and a select bibliography. Museum Basics is also supported by its own companion website, which provides a wide range of additional resources for readers.
Museum Basics aims to help the museum practitioner keep up to date with new thinking about the function of museums and their relationships with the communities they serve. The training materials provided within the book are also suitable for pre-service and in-service students who wish to gain a full understanding of work in a museum.
"By og bygd" er Norsk Folkemuseums årbok. Siden den ble etablert i 1943, har målsettingen vært å utgi kulturhistoriske og museumsfaglige studier av høy faglig kvalitet. Samtidig skal det være rom for å presentere annet museumsarbeid på en tilgjengelig måte. By og bygd er et samlingssted for forskning i og om de kulturhistoriske museene i Norge. Tema for denne utgaven er håndverkerens blikk på byggeskikk og bygningsvern. To artikler tar for seg problematikk knyttet til mur og bruk av kalk som bindemiddel. To øvrige artikler nyanserer og nærleser bygningsbiografi ved å kombinere dendrokronologiske analyser med verktøyspor. Emner som takkonstruksjon i en barokk bygning og bevaring av funksjon i driftsbygninger er også behandlet. Beskrivelsene av slike prosesser bidrar til å utvikle teori og metode i forskningen på tradisjonshåndverk. Felles for alle artiklene er at både forvaltningshistorikken og vårt håndverkerblikk står sentralt. Artiklene formidler håndverksforskning i prosess og utprøving gjennom et enestående prosjekt. Prosjektet HårF (bygningsvern, håndverk, forskning) er aksjonsforskning utført av håndverkere og bygningsantikvarer innenfor museumsnettverket for bygningsvern og tradisjonshåndverk.
Første utgave av Samenes historie fram til 1750 kom i 2004. I denne andre utgaven har forfatterne revidert fremstillingen og inkludert nye resultater fra en rekke relevante fagfelt. Basert på det omfattende og oppdaterte forskningsmaterialet, gir boka den mest fullstendige presentasjonen av eldre samisk historie på norsk. Forfatterne diskuterer inngående aktuelle spørsmål som tilkomst av samisk etnisitet, eksistensen av samiske rettigheter til områder og ressurser, tamreindriftens oppkomst og prosessen rundt kristningen av samene. De viser hvordan den samiske historien er preget av endring og geografisk variasjon, men også av vedvarende tradisjoner og fellestrekk. I varierende grad har samene alltid hatt kontakt med andre samfunn, og forfatterne dokumenterer hvordan denne kontakten skifter karakter og i økende grad griper inn i lokale livsvilkår. Et gjennomgående perspektiv i boka er hvordan samene på ulikt vis forholder seg til disse endringene og utformer sine liv i møtet mellom det hjemlige og det fremmede.
Die Bildsteine Gotlands : Probleme und neue Wege ihrer Dokumentation, Lesung und Deutung: Text: Oehrl, S
Die Bildsteine Gotlands sind ob ihrer Bilderfülle eine einzigartige Quelle für die frühmittelalterliche Bildüberlieferung Skandinaviens. Sie rekurrieren auf Themen der germanischen Götter- und Heldensage ebenso wie auf Rituale aus dem Bereich des Rechts und des Kults. Sie eröffnen so den Zugang zu einer untergegangenen paganen Welt, die wir sonst nur mit Mühe aus den überlieferten Schriftzeugnissen rekonstruieren können. Der Autor hat die Bildsteine eingehend zunächst mit konventionellen Methoden untersucht und dann zwei neue digitale Methoden zum Einsatz gebracht, RTI (Refl ectance Transformation Imaging) und 3-D-Laserscanning. Trotz unzureichender technischer Ausstattung hat er mit beiden Methoden erstaunliche Ergebnisse erzielt. Der entscheidende Vorteil dieser Verfahren ist es, dass sie den objektiven Befund besser als alle anderen Methoden dokumentieren und es dem interessierten Leser ermöglichen, das Interpretationsangebot des Autors nachzuvollziehen bzw. abzulehnen.
The UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage came into force in 2006, framing the international and national practices and policies associated with intangible cultural heritage. This volume critically and reflexively examines these practices and policies, providing an accessible account of the different ways in which intangible cultural heritage has been defined and managed in both national and international contexts. As Safeguarding Intangible Heritage reveals, the concept and practices of safeguarding are complicated and often contested, and there is a need for international debate about the meaning, nature and value of heritage and what it means to ‘safeguard’ it.
Safeguarding Intangible Heritage presents a significant cross section of ideas and practices from some of the key academics and practitioners working in the area, whose areas of expertise span anthropology, law, heritage studies, linguistics, archaeology, museum studies, folklore, architecture, Indigenous studies and history. The chapters in this volume give an overarching analysis of international policy and practice and critically frame case studies that analyze practices from a range of countries, including Australia, Canada, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Taiwan, the UK and Zimbabwe.
With a focus on conceptual and theoretical issues, this follow-up to Intangible Heritage, by the same editors, will be of great interest to students, scholars and professionals working in the fields of heritage and museum studies, heritage conservation, heritage tourism, global history, international relations, art and architectural history, and linguists.
Bibliotekutvalget på Arkeologisk Museum
Bibliotekutvalg består av fem ansatte som til sammen representerer faggruppene ved museet. Kontaktbibliotekar, Svanlaug Takle, leder bibliotekutvalget. Utvalget bistår bibliotekpersonalet i valg av litteratur, gjennomgang av abonnement, vurdering av databaser m.m. Utvalget møtes ca. to ganger i semesteret
Svanlaug Takle (leder) Lisbeth Prøsch-Danielsen Ellen Tjørnhom Bøe Siv Kristoffersen Astrid Johanne Nyland Lise Chantrier Aasen