Kari Kaldestad is a PhD candidate at the Department of Caring Science, Åbo Akademi University. The overall purpose of this study is to develop knowledge about the ontology of dignity and women’s experience in old age as sick and recipient of assistance from homecare. The design is hermeneutical. This involves an interpretive methodology in which the new understanding is created through the fusion of various comprehensive horizons. Gadamer`s philosophical hermeneutics serves as a theoretical foundation for the interpretation process. The philosophical hermeneutics are combined with the caring science tradition as developed at Åbo Akademi University.