Part I: Experimental basis of quantum mechanics. The Schrödinger equation. The wave function as probability amplitude. The uncertainty principle. Energy levels and stationary states. Solution of the Schrödinger equation - quantum numbers. Penetration of barriers. Harmonic oscillator.
Part II Atomic Physics and the hydrogen atom. Bohr's atomic model. The Pauli principle and electron spin. The periodic system.
Part III Physics and statistical physics of solids. Molecules and simple rotation and vibration levels. Band theory for metals. Semiconductors. X-ray spectra.
Part IV Nuclear Physics and Atomic nucleus. Radioactivity. Nuclear Fission. Nuclear fusion.
Part V Elemental Particles: Bosons and fermions. Mesons, baryons. Leptons, quarks and photons. The standard model and its development. Higgs particle.
Note that the exam will be given in the language in which the subject is being taught.
After completing the course, the student must: K1 Have a good understanding of fundamental concepts in quantum mechanics, and F1 be able to convey its central experimental and theoretical results. In addition, K2 have a broad understanding of concepts and methods of solid state, atomic, nuclear and particle physics, including semiconductors, atomic spectra, the periodic table, radioactivity and the standard model of particle physics. Finally, the student must F2 be able to complete simple, illustrative calculations within these areas of physics.
Required prerequisite knowledge
FYS200 Thermo- and Fluid Dynamics, FYS300 Electromagnetism and Special Relativity
There must be an early dialogue between the course coordinator, the student representative and the students. The purpose is feedback from the students for changes and adjustments in the course for the current semester.In addition, a digital course evaluation must be carried out at least every three years. Its purpose is to gather the students experiences with the course.