Environmental Loads (BYG525)

The course will introduce environmental loads on civil engineering structures and how they impact the structural design.

Course description for study year 2024-2025. Please note that changes may occur.


Course code




Credits (ECTS)


Semester tution start


Number of semesters


Exam semester


Language of instruction



Snow and ice loads. Seismic loads and structural response analysis. Wind and wave statistics. Mean and fluctuating wind forces. Wind effects on slender structures (long-span bridges, wind turbines etc.) Linear wave theory. Wave forces. Temperature loads. Design principles.

Learning outcome

The course is to give students an introduction to environmental loads. Upon completing the course, the students shall:

  • be familiar with snow and ice loads effects on structures as well as the load design values
  • be familiar with effects of earthquake on structures, and be able to compute structural response to earthquake by using the design spectrum as well as carry out simple response calculations in time-domain
  • be familiar with the mean and time-varying wind forces on structures, and be able to calculate the static and dynamic wind-induced response
  • be familiar with the linear wave theory and wave and current loads on structures
  • be familiar with the design loads and design principles

Required prerequisite knowledge


Recommended prerequisites

BYG140 Structural Mechanics 1, BYG550 Structural Dynamics


Form of assessment Weight Duration Marks Aid
Written exam 1/1 4 Hours Letter grades All written and printed means are allowed. Calculators are allowed

Written exam on paper.

Coursework requirements


6 out of 7 assignments has to be approved in order to allow one to take the exam.

Mandatory work (assignments) must be approved by the lecturer within a given period ahead of examination date.

Course teacher(s)

Course coordinator:

Jasna Bogunovic Jakobsen

Course teacher:

Jungao Wang

Head of Department:

Mona Wetrhus Minde

Method of work

On average, five hours lectures and one hour tutorial pr. week. All information about the course will be made available on Canvas. The course will be taught in English.

Overlapping courses

Course Reduction (SP)
Environmental Loads (BYG520_1) 6

Open for

Structural and Mechanical Engineering - Master of Science Degree Programme
Exchange programme at Faculty of Science and Technology

Course assessment

There must be an early dialogue between the course supervisor, the student union representative and the students. The purpose is feedback from the students for changes and adjustments in the course for the current semester.In addition, a digital subject evaluation must be carried out at least every three years. Its purpose is to gather the students experiences with the course.


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